To Know When A Day Begins, Lets Look at the Beginning:

HaYom – The Day  Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom.  

 

 Torah. Genesis

● Genesis 1:1­5 ­ In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth. 2 And the earth came to be formless and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of Elohim was moving on the face of the waters. 3 And Elohim said, “Let light come to be,” and light came to be. 4 And Elohim saw the light, that it was good. And Elohim separated the light from the darkness. 5 And Elohim called the light ‘day’ and the darkness He called ‘night.’ And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, the first day.
Creation Week Daily Cycle
Creation Day 1>
 ● Genesis 1:14­ 19 And Elohim said, “Let lights come to be in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days and years, 15 and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth.” And it came to be so. 16 And Elohim made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night, and the stars. 17 And Elohim set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And Elohim saw that it was good. 19 And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, the fourth day. ● Genesis 2:2 And on the seventh day Elohim completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. 3 And Elohim blessed the seventh day and set it apart, because on it He rested from all His work which Elohim in creating had made.
● Genesis 7:12 And the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights.
● Genesis 8:22 as long as the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and winter and summer, and day and night shall not cease.”
● Genesis 19:33-­34 So they made their father drink wine that night. And the first­born went in and lay with her father, and he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she arose. 34 And it came to be on the next day that the first­born said to the younger, “See, I lay with my father last night. Let us make him drink wine tonight as well, and you go in and lie with him, so that we keep the seed of our father.”
***The passage above is a confusing one for a sunset reckoning, did this story take place over 3 days or 4? Check out the table on the next page to see how this plays out.***

HaYom ‐ The Day  Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom.

Below shows a Dawn Reckoning of a day

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Exodus

● Exodus 12:8­10 ‘And they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in fire – with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 ‘Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire, its head with its legs and its inward parts. 10 ‘And do not leave of it until morning, and what remains of it until morning you are to burn with fire. ● Exodus 16:23­26 ­ And it came to be, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Mosheh. 23 And he said to them, “This is what יהוה has said, ‘Tomorrow is a rest, a Sabbath set­apart to יהוה.That which you bake, bake; and that which you cook, cook. And lay up for yourselves all that is left over, to keep it until morning.’ ” 24 And they laid it up till morning, as Mosheh commanded. And it did not stink, and no worm I in it. 25 And Mosheh said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to יהוה,today you do not find it in the field. 26 “Gather it six days, but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath,there is none.” ● Exodus 18:13 And it came to be, on the next day, that Mosheh sat to rightly rule the people. And the people stood before Mosheh from morning until evening.
● Exodus 29:39­41 “Prepare the one lamb in the morning, and the other lamb you prepare between the evenings,
● Exodus 32:5­6 And Aharon saw and built an altar before it. And Aharon called out and said, “Tomorrow is a festival to 6 ”.יהוה And they rose early on the next day, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

 

HaYom ‐ The Day Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom.

● Exodus 34:28 And he was there with יהוה forty days and forty nights. He did not eat bread and he did not drink water. And He wrote on the tablets the Words of the covenant, the Ten Words. Leviticus
● Leviticus 7:15 As for the flesh of the slaughtering of his peace offering for thanksgiving, it is eaten the same day it is offered, he does not leave any of it until morning
● Leviticus 8:35 “And stay at the door of the Tent of Meeting day and night for seven days. And you shall guard the duty of יהוה ,and not die, for so I have been commanded.”
● Leviticus 11:24 And for these ye shall be unclean: whosoever toucheth the carcase of them shall be unclean until the even.
● Leviticus 22:29­30 “And when you bring a slaughtering of thanksgiving to יהוה ,bring it for your acceptance. 30 “It is eaten that same day, leave none of it till morning. I am יהוה.
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 Numbers

● Numbers 9:16 Thus it was continually: the cloud covered it by day, and the appearance of fire by night.
● Numbers 11:32 And the people were up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and gathered the quail. He who has least gathered ten ḥomers. And they spread them out for themselves all around the camp. Deuteronomy
● Deuteronomy 10:10 “And I stayed in the mountain for forty days i forty nights. And יהוה heard me at that time also, and יהוה chose not to destroy you. Other Verses that Indicate Day BEFORE Night (Not Every Single Verse):
● Judges 19:25 But the men would not listen to him. So the man took his concubine and brought her out to them. And they knew her and rolled themselves on her all night until morning, and let her go when the day began to break.
● 1 Samuel 19:11 And Sha’ul sent messengers to Dawiḏ’s house to watch him and to put him to death in the morning. And Miḵal, Dawiḏ’s wife, informed him, saying, “If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you are put to death.”
● 2 Samuel 2:32 And they brought Asah’ĕl and buried him in his father’s tomb, which was in Bĕyth Leḥem. And Yo’aḇ and his men went all night, and they came to Ḥeḇron at daybreak.

 

HaYom ‐ The Day Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom. 

● Isaiah 38:13 “I soothed myself until morning. Like a lion, so He shatters all my bones. From day to night You make an end of me. ● Jeremiah 31:35 Thus said יהוה ,who gives the sun for a light by day, and the laws of the moon and the stars for a light by night, who stirs up the sea, and its waves roar – יהוה of hosts is His Name:
● Jeremiah 33:20 “Thus said יהוה’ ,If you could break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that there be not day and night in their season,
● Lamentations 3:22­23, ‘The kindnesses of יהוה !For we have not been consumed, For His compassions have not ended. 23They are new every morning, Great is Your trustworthiness.
● Job 3:6 That night – let darkness seize it. Let it not be included among the days of the year, let it not come into the number of the months.
● Job 17:12 They would turn night into day, saying that light is near, in the presence of darkness!
● Isaiah 5:20­211‘Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who put darkness for light, and light for darkness; who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! 21 Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes, and clever in their own sight
● Matthew 12:40 “For as Yonah was three days and three nights in the stomach of the great fish, so shall the Son of Aḏam be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
● Mark 14:30 And יהושע said to him, “Truly, I say to you that today, this night, before the cock shall crow twice, you shall deny Me three times.”
● Luke 31:37 And He was teaching in the Set­apart Place by day, but at night He went out and stayed on the mountain of Olives,
● John 9:4 “It is necessary for Me to work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day – night is coming, when no one is able to work.
● Romans 13:12 The night is far advanced, the day has come near. So let us put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
 

Morning Verses:

● Zephaniah 3:5, ‘יהוה is righteous in her midst, He does no unrighteousness. Morning by morning He brings His right ruling to light, it has not been lacking, yet the unrighteous one knows no shame.
● Psalms 113:3, ‘From the rising of the sun to its going down, The Name of יהוה is praised’
● Lamentations 3:22 ­23, ‘The kindnesses of יהוה !For we have not been consumed, For His compassion have not ended. 23 They are new every morning, Great is Your trustworthiness.’
● Isaiah 45:6, ‘so that they know from the rising of the sun to its setting that there is none but Me. I am יהוה ,and there is none else,’
● Isaiah 59:19, ‘And they shall fear the Name of יהוה from the west, and His esteem from the rising of the sun, when He comes like a distressing stream which the Spirit of יהוה drives on.
● Malachi 1:11, ‘For from the rising of the sun, even to its going down, My Name is great among nations. And in every place incense is presented to My Name, and a clean offering. For My Name is great among nations,” said יהוה of hosts.

 

Scriptures Where Night Appears BEFORE Day (A Complete List): (Out of 313 verses that refer to the word night (KJV), approximately 85 times scripture references Day BEFORE Nightand less than 15 times does scripture refer to Night THEN Day.
 

HaYom ‐ The Day   Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom.

1. Deut. 21:22 23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
2. 1 Kings 8:29 “For Your eyes to be open toward this House night and day, toward the place of which You said, ‘My Name is there,’ to listen to the prayer which Your servant makes toward this place.
3. Esther 4:16 “Go, gather all the Yehuḏim who are present in Shushan, and fast for me, and do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I too, and my young women shall fast in the same way, then I shall go to the sovereign, which is against the law. And if I shall perish, I shall perish!”
4. Psalms 91:5 You are not afraid of the dread by night, Of the arrow that flies by day,
5. Isaiah 27:3 “I, יהוה ,do guard it, I water it every moment; lest any hurt it, I guard it night and day.
6. Isaiah 34:10 that is not quenched night or day, its smoke going up forever. From generation to generation it lies waste, no one passes through it forever and ever,
7. Mark 4:27 then sleeps by night and rises by day, while the seed sprouts and grows, he himself does not know how.
8. Mark 5:5 And continually, night and day, he was in the mountains and in the tombs, crying out and cutting himself with stones.
9. Luke 2:37 and she was a widow of about eighty­four years, who did not leave the Set­apart Place, but served Elohim with fastings and prayers night and day.
10. Acts 20:31 “Therefore watch, remembering that for three years, night and day, I did not cease to warn each one with tears.
11. 2 Corinthians 11:25 Three times I was beaten with rods, once I was stoned, three times I was shipwrecked, a night and a day I have been in the deep,
12. 1 Thessalonians 2:9 For you remember, brothers, our toil and hardship, for labouring night and day, in order not to burden any of you, we proclaimed to you the Good News of Elohim.
13. 1 Thessalonians 3:10 night and day praying exceedingly, to see your face and make complete what is lacking in your belief?
14. 2 Thessalonians 3:8 nor did we eat anyone’s bread without paying for it, but worked with labour and toil night and day, in order not to burden any of you.
15. 2 Timothy 1:3 I thank Elohim, whom I serve with a clear conscience, as my forefathers did, as I unceasingly remember you in my prayers night and day,

How Do We Measure a Day? Does Sunset end the day?

● Judges 19:9 And the man arose to go, he and his concubine and his servant. But his father­in­law, the young woman’s father, said to him, “See, the day is now drawing toward evening. Please spend the night. See, the day is coming to an end. Stay here, and let your heart be glad. And you shall rise early tomorrowfor your journey, and you shall go to your tent.”
● Luke 23:54 And it was Preparation day, and the Sabbath was approaching.
● Mark 14:30 And יהושע said to him, “Truly, I say to you that today, this night, before the cock shall crow twice, you shall deny Me three times.

HaYom ‐ The Day Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom. How Many Hours are in a Day?

Question: When does the first hour of the day begin? And what hour of the day is sundown in?

● Answer: If the day began at sundown why is it at the 12th hour? If sundown is “at even”, why are evening oblations at the 9th hour and not the 12th? Last time I checked the 9th hour is still daytime which falls around 6pm. I fail to see the logic in beginning a new day at sundown. It’s the 12th hour not the 1st. The 1st hour doesn’t begin until sunrise.
Furthermore, even cannot mean sundown as evening seems to begin on the 9th hour during daytime. So which is it? Do you believe sundown begins a day or evening? If evening then you cannot say sundown begins a day. If sundown then you cannot use Gen 1:4 as evidence for day beginning at sundown because evening and morning belong to day not night. Something to think about.
John 11:9 Yahushua answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.

The Third Hour

● Matthew 20:3 And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
● Mark 15:25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.
● Acts 2:15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
● Acts 23:23 And he called unto him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night;

The Sixth Hour

● Matthew 20:5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
● Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth u.
● Luke 23:44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.
● Mark 15:33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
● John 4:6 Now Jacob’s well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.
● John 19:14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
● Acts 10:9 On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour:

The Seventh Hour

● John 4:52 Then enquired he of them the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him, Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him.

The Ninth Hour

● Matthew 20:5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.

 

HaYom ‐ The Day   Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom. 

● Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
● Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
● Acts 3:1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, being the ninth hour.
● Acts 10:3 He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius.
● Acts 10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing,
 

The Eleventh Hour

● Matthew 20:6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
● Matthew 20:9 And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.

 

Order of a Day

Nehemiah 9:3 ‘and they stood up in their place and read from the Book of the Torah of יהוה their Elohim a fourth part of the day, and a fourth part they were confessing and worshipping יהוה their Elohim.
Order of a Day
Hr      Name
1        Twilight
2        Morning
6       Even ­ Even Length Between Sun up and Sun down
6.01 First Evening ­ One Moment Past Even to Sunset
11 Second Evening ­ Sunset to Darkness
12 Night

Order of a Night Hr Watch 1­3 1st Watch 2­6 2nd Watch 7­9 3rd Watch 10­12 4th Watch

Order of a Night

Hr     Watch
1-­3  1st Watch
2- ­6 2nd Watch
7=­9 3rd Watch
10-­12  4th Watch
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When Does the Sabbath Begin? 

Weekly Shabbat

Nehemiah 13:19 ­ And it came to be, at the gates of Yerushalayim, as it began to be dark before the Sabbath, that I commanded the gates to be shut, and commanded that they should not be opened till after the Sabbath. And I stationed some of my servants at the gates, so that no burdens would be brought in on the Sabbath day.

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Sunseting Sabbath Reckoning
Friday Sundown Saturday Dawn Saturday Sundown Sunday Dawn Close the Gates for Protection at Sundown Keep the Gates Closed for Shabbat Keep Gates Closed for Protection at Sundown Open Gates at Dawn for Business Sabbath Starts Sabbath Sabbath Ends
 
Dawning Sabbath Reckoning Friday Sundown Saturday Dawn Saturday Sundown Sunday Dawn Close the Gates for Protection at Sundown Keep the Gates Closed for Shabbat Keep Gates Closed for Protection at Sundown Open Gates at Dawn for Business Sabbath Starts Sabbath Sabbath Ends
 
In both of the above scenarios, the gates would have been closed at sunset on Friday evening, and opened at dawn on Sunday morning. The primary argument for a sunset recocking based on Nehemiah 13, is based on the idea that the gates were closed immediately prior to shabbat. However, the verse doesn’t mention immediately. Whether the gates were closed just prior to shabbat at sunset, or a full 12 hrs prior to shabbat at dawn, in either scenario the gates are shut prior to shabbat. Please also check out Nehemiah 7:3 and 1 Chronicles 9:26­27

Is this the Sabbath??? And if so, does it matter that Messiah was healing on it?

● Luke 4:40 And when the sun was setting, all who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to Him. And He laid His hands on each one of them and healed them.
● Mark 1:32 And when evening came, when the sun had set, they brought to Him all who were sick and those who were demon­possessed.
● John 19:42­20:1 There, then, I because of the Preparation Day of the Yehuḏim, they laid out , because the tomb was near. And on the first day of the week Miryam from Mag̅dala came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb.

HaYom ‐ The Day  Psalm 90:12 So Teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom.

Feasts:

● Pesach ­ At Even???

● Feast of Unl. Bread

● Feast of Weeks

● Shavuot

● Yom Teruah

● Yom Kippur ­ At Evening on the 9th to Evening on the 10th

● Sukkot

● Shemini Atzeret

Between the evenings:

b. dual in phrase (only P) םִבּיַרְעַה ָבּין ֵbetween the two evenings, i.e. probably between sunset and dark (see Thes [various views fully given]; otherwise Di Exodus 12:6 ; on form as possibly only expanded plural see Ges § 88c ), Exodus 12:6; Exodus 16:12; Exodus 29:39,41; Exodus 30:8; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:3,5,11; Numbers 28:4,8 YHWH definitely removed His feasts from His people during exile, did this occur through a different calendar?
● Hosea 2:11 “I will also put an end to all her gaiety, her feasts, her new [months], her Sabbaths and all her festal assemblies.
● Isaiah 1:14 “I hate your new [month] festivals and your appointed feasts, they have become a burden to Me; I am weary of bearing them.
● Lamentations 1:4 The roads of Zion are in mourning because no one comes to the appointed feasts. All her gates are desolate; her priests are groaning, her virgins are afflicted, and she herself is bitter.
● Zephaniah 3:18 “I will gather those who grieve about the appointed feasts­­They came from you, O Zion; the reproach of exile is a burden on them.
● Isaiah 29:1 Woe, O Ariel, Ariel the city where David once camped! Add year to year; observe your feasts on schedule.
Conclusion Neither Torah nor Messiah ever infer a sunset reckoning of a day. In both instances we see some scripture that could be used out of context, but it’s overwhelming the case, that the writers and characters in scripture lived and thought about a day in the context of a day starting when the sun was rising, and not!!!!! when it was setting!!!!!. Shalom! 
 

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